Sudan: New spread of fighting to southeast increases famine risk

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Mass displacement and fear have taken hold in eastern Sudan. The RSF is advancing towards Gedaref, with active fighting now ongoing in the key city of Sennar.

Tens of thousands of people are fleeing new fighting in southeast Sudan, as the war spreads further across the country. Civilians are running out of anywhere safe to go.

An Escalating Conflict Amid Impending Famine

The new clashes in Sennar State – one of Sudan’s biggest agricultural regions – are increasing the risk of famine across the country. The conflict also puts a major humanitarian aid hub at risk.

More than 60,000 people have fled Sinja town this week as the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) captured the area. Heavy fighting is now ongoing in the nearby key city of Sennar.

Islamic Relief staff and other aid workers were among the thousands who have had to leave the city in recent days due to extreme insecurity. Up to 130,000 people are expected to flee Sennar State in the next few days.

Increasing Number of Internally Displaced within Sudan

Islamic Relief staff report thousands of families are now fleeing on foot across the Blue Nile River to try and escape the violence.

Large numbers of people now arrive in the already overcrowded eastern Sudan cities of Gedaref and Kassala. Many more are likely to arrive in the coming days and weeks.

Islamic Relief’s team in Gedaref is preparing to provide aid to new arrivals in the city.

There are growing fears that the fighting is now set to spread further east towards Gedaref – a key hub for humanitarian staff and supplies.

This would be a pivotal moment in the conflict. It would massively disrupt the humanitarian response at a time when aid is needed more than ever.

Islamic Relief staff in Gedaref report huge queues of cars at fuel stations as people stockpile in case they need to quickly abandon the city.

An Ongoing Cycle of Displacement

Sennar State was previously considered one of the safest parts of the country. Over the past year, hundreds of thousands of civilians had fled here to escape fighting in other regions such as Khartoum and Al Jazira. Now, many of these people are having to flee yet again.

Mohammad Sorwar, head of programs for Islamic Relief in Sudan, says: 

“People are fleeing Sennar in a desperate state of terror. They’ve fled in a hurry with virtually nothing, and many families have no shelter and are sleeping under the open in the heavy rain. People are walking for days but there are no paved roads between Sennar and Gedaref and the roads have become muddy and difficult to use.

“The war is spreading across the country like a cancer. Many of the people fleeing have been displaced two, three, four or even more times before this, but the war keeps spreading. There are very few safe places left for people to run to. If the fighting reaches Gedaref it will have a devastating impact on aid delivery.”   

Crisis in Sudan Continues to Grow

Sudan is suffering the world’s biggest hunger crisis. More than 25 million people – over half the country’s population – face severe hunger and food shortages.

Family in need in Sudan, where fighting is escalating

Mass starvation is imminent in the next three months. The war has forced farmers from their land, destroyed markets and obstructed humanitarian aid.

More than 10 million people are now displaced from their homes and in need of support within Sudan.

Islamic Relief calls on the international community to step up diplomatic efforts to get parties to the conflict to agree and adhere to a ceasefire and to urgently increase funding for the humanitarian response.

We call for parties to the conflict to recommit to peace negotiations. To ensure the protection of civilians and end the frequent impediments and obstruction of humanitarian aid. 

Islamic Relief has worked in Sudan for 40 years, since 1984. In response to the current crisis, our teams have provided aid to more than 830,000 people including food, nutrition, livelihood support, cash, water, sanitation, and healthcare.

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